Sunday, March 13, 2011

Decreasing sex ratio in country

Smt. Krishna Tirath, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Women and Child Development in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha on March 3 shared sex-ratio (females/ males) in the Country and State-wise, as per Census 1981, 1991 and 2001indicate that sex ratio has declined from 934 (as per 1981 census) to 927 ( as per 1991 census) and has increased to 933 (as per 2001 census). The reasons for high number of incidence of female foeticide in India include a deep rooted traditional son preference, continued practice of dowry and concern for safety of the girl child and exploitation and abuse of women and girl children. In order to curb female foeticide and improve the sex ratio, Government has adopted a multi-pronged strategy which includes legislative measures, advocacy, awareness generation and programmes for socio-economic empowerment of women.

Under the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technique (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994, sex selective abortions are made punishable. The Government in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is responsible for administration of this Act and its implementation is the responsibility of the State Governments/ Union Territory Administrations. Further, foeticide is also punishable under Section 315 of Indian Penal Code (IPC), with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, or with fine, or with both. Legislations such as Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 and the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 seek to penalise the perpetrators of these social evils.

As a part of the measures taken to change the mind set of society, Government of India has been implementing on a pilot basis ‘Dhanalakshmi’, scheme for incentivising birth of the Girl Child. A number of States have been implementing their own schemes to incentivise the birth of a girl child and encourage families to place a premium on her education and development through Conditional Cash Transfer schemes.

Socio-economic empowerment of women is essential for making informed decisions and for change of the mind sets. The Government of India has undertaken a number of initiatives for this, such as Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP), The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(MGNREGA), National Rural Livelihood Mission(NRLM) and loans through the Rashtriya Mahila Kosh. This should go a long way in empowering women and enable them to take decisions about the birth of children, their spacing, retain girl children and improve the nutritional and educational status.

To create national awareness on issues relating to girl child, in 2009, Ministry of Women and Child Development has declared January 24 as the National Girl Child Day. On this day, besides the Central Government, the State Governments/ Union Territory Administrations undertake advocacy measures to improve the status of girl child in their respective States/ Union Territories.

7 comments:

tanu said...

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Rural News Alerts

Kartar Aasra Trust said...

KartarAasra Oldage Orphanage Home
Your mother was someone's daughter
Still want to send your girl to slaughter?
Give the girl child an opportunity to make her parents proud.
Don't kill her
Join hands, turn the tide
Say 'NO' to female infanticide on Lohri.
Drop them at our newly installed Cradle (Pungura) at Kartar Aasra Entrance.

Mitu Khurana said...

Please sign the petition against Gendercide in India. Please give those 40 million girls silenced forever, a voice. Please forward this to as many friends as possible.

http://www.ipetitions.com/petition/a-mothers-fight-to-save-her-daughters/

http://gendercide.epetitions.net/

After you sign the petition, there will be a request from the site for a donation. This donation is totally discretionary and does not in any way or form affect or benefit Dr Mitu Khurana.

Mitu Khurana said...

Please sign the petition against Gendercide in India. Please give those 40 million girls silenced forever, a voice. Please forward this to as many friends as possible.

http://www.ipetitions.com/petition/a-mothers-fight-to-save-her-daughters/

http://gendercide.epetitions.net/

After you sign the petition, there will be a request from the site for a donation. This donation is totally discretionary and does not in any way or form affect or benefit Dr Mitu Khurana.

Revathi Asokan said...

Hi, we are NGO, Population First based in Mumbai. We held Laadli Media Awards annualy to support and promote the cause of girl child.

We notice, you have written extensively on the same. If you have any articles/blogs which are published in the time frame of June,2010-December,2011 please send it across to us.

You can contact us:
Revathi-09930417494
www.populationfirst.org

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